Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. In Palo Alto, CA, this common condition affects many individuals and can lead to serious oral health issues if left untreated.

The main cause of gum disease is the buildup of plaque – a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. Factors like poor oral hygiene habits, smoking, genetics, and certain medical conditions can increase your risk of developing gum disease. So, it's essential to take good care of your oral health to prevent this condition from occurring.

If you notice symptoms such as red or swollen gums, bleeding while brushing or flossing, bad breath, or loose teeth in Palo Alto, CA - it's crucial to see a dentist promptly for evaluation and treatment. Early detection and intervention are key in managing gum disease effectively.

Causes and Risk Factors

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health issue that can have serious consequences if left untreated. There are several causes and risk factors that contribute to the development of gum disease:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing allows plaque to build up on the teeth and gums, leading to inflammation and infection.
  • Smoking: Tobacco use weakens the immune system and reduces blood flow to the gums, making it harder for the body to fight off infections.
  • Genetics: Some individuals may be more genetically predisposed to developing gum disease than others, even with good oral hygiene habits.
  • Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormones during puberty, pregnancy, or menopause can make gums more sensitive and prone to inflammation.
  • Diabetes: People with diabetes are at higher risk for gum disease due to fluctuations in blood sugar levels, affecting their ability to fight off infections.
  • Medications: Certain medications can cause dry mouth or changes in saliva production, creating an environment where bacteria can thrive.

Overall, maintaining good oral hygiene practices and addressing potential risk factors early on can help prevent the development of gum disease. Regular dental check-ups are crucial for early detection and treatment of any signs of gingivitis or periodontitis.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Do you know the signs that could indicate gum disease in Palo Alto, CA? Paying attention to your oral health is crucial.

  • One common symptom is gums that are swollen, tender, or red. If you notice bleeding while brushing or flossing, it may be a sign of gum disease.
  • Bad breath that won't go away even with proper oral hygiene could also be an indicator.
  • Another symptom to watch out for is receding gums or changes in how your teeth fit together when biting down.
  • Loose teeth or changes in the way your partial dentures fit can also signal gum disease.
  • Some people may experience pus between their gums and teeth as well.

If you have persistent symptoms like these, it's essential to consult a dentist in Palo Alto, CA, promptly for evaluation and treatment options tailored to your needs.

Diagnosis and Treatment Options

When it comes to gum disease, early diagnosis is key. Your dentist in Palo Alto, CA, will examine your gums for signs of inflammation, bleeding, or recession. X-rays may be taken to determine the extent of any bone loss around the teeth.

If gum disease is detected, there are various treatment options available depending on the severity. 

  • Professional Dental Cleaning: One of the first steps in treating gum disease is to undergo a professional dental cleaning. This involves removing plaque and tartar build-up from your teeth and gums, which can help prevent further inflammation and damage.
  • Scaling and Root Planing: For more advanced cases of gum disease, scaling and root planing may be necessary. This procedure involves deep cleaning below the gumline to remove bacteria and smooth out rough spots on the roots of your teeth, helping to promote healing.
  • Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to help control bacterial infection in the gums. These medications can come in various forms such as mouth rinses, gels or pills depending on severity of infection.
  • Laser Therapy: Another procedure for treating gum disease is laser therapy. This non-invasive treatment uses a special laser light to target and remove infected tissue while promoting the regeneration of healthy gums.
  • Surgery: In severe cases where gum disease has caused significant damage to the tissues supporting your teeth, surgery may be required. Procedures such as flap surgery or bone grafts can help restore health to your gums and prevent tooth loss.


LANAP, or Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure, is a modern and minimally invasive treatment option for gum disease. Unlike traditional surgery, LANAP uses laser technology to target and remove diseased tissue while promoting the growth of healthy gums.

This innovative procedure is gentle on the gums and results in less discomfort for patients compared to traditional gum surgery. By specifically targeting bacteria and infected tissue with precision, LANAP helps preserve more healthy gum tissue.

LANAP also stimulates bone regeneration around the teeth, helping to restore any damage caused by advanced gum disease. The benefits of LANAP include faster healing times and reduced risk of infection post-treatment.

If you're seeking an effective and efficient way to treat gum disease without the need for invasive surgery, consider exploring LANAP as a viable option with your dentist.


LAPIP stands for Laser Assisted Peri-Implantitis Procedure and is specifically designed to target infections around dental implants. Using laser technology, LAPIP removes harmful bacteria and infected tissue while promoting the regeneration of healthy gums.

This innovative approach not only treats gum disease but also helps preserve the integrity of dental implants. By targeting the source of infection with precision, LAPIP offers patients in Palo Alto a less painful and more efficient alternative to traditional surgery.

If you are dealing with gum disease or peri-implantitis, consider consulting with a dentist who offers LAPIP as part of their treatment options. It could be the key to restoring your oral health and preserving your smile for years to come. Call us to learn more.


Gum disease is a serious oral health issue that can lead to tooth loss and other complications if left untreated. It is essential to practice good oral hygiene, visit your dentist regularly for check-ups, and seek treatment at the first sign of any symptoms. With advancements in technology, such as LANAP and LAPIP procedures, there are effective treatment options available for managing gum disease in Palo Alto, CA. Remember that prevention is always better than cure when it comes to maintaining healthy gums and a beautiful smile. So take care of your oral health today and schedule an appointment with your dentist to keep gum disease at bay.

Please reach out to Bjelajac Dental Practice in Palo Alto, CA, to have a consultation with our Dentist Palo Alto CA. Please call us at (650) 328-1223 or requets an online consultation, and we’ll guide you further.

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